Also called as Brahmi, is a staple plant in traditional Ayurvedic medicine. It is a perennial herb that has been recently reclassified into the Plantaginaceae family from the Scrophulariaceae or Figwort family. Bacopa is native to India, where it grows in marshy areas.
The major ingredients in Bacopa are saponins called bacosides. It is assumed that bacosides have a major affect in the brain health and function due to their hydrophobic nature.
Several studies indicate that bacopa may help preserve memory and enhance cognitive function.
In a report published in the Journal of Ethnophamacology in 2014, researchers analyzed nine previously published studies assessing the effect of bacopa on cognitive function. In their conclusion, researchers stated that bacopa has the potential to improve cognition, but that large, well-designed trials comparing the supplement to medication are needed.